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Fossils & Ruins 211Ʊ
October 28, 2020

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The first analysis of a sedimentary drill core representing 1 million years of environmental history in the East African ...
Modern humans arrived in westernmost Europe 41,000 to 38,000 years ago, about 5,000 years earlier than previously known, ...
Genetic variants that leave their carrier more susceptible to severe COVID-19 are inherited from Neanderthals, a new ...
Experts have examined the evidence that prehistoric flying reptiles called pterosaurs had feathers and believe they were, in ...
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Average Body Temperature Among Healthy Adults Declined Over the Past Two Decades

In the nearly two centuries since German physician Carl Wunderlich established 98.6°F as the standard 'normal' body temperature, it has been used by parents and doctors alike as the ...

The Rhythm of Change: What a Drum-Beat Experiment Reveals 211Ʊ Cultural Evolution

Living organisms aren't the only things that evolve over time. Cultural practices change, too, and in recent years social scientists have taken a keen interest in understanding this cultural ...

Can Individual Differences Be Detected in Same-Shaped Pottery Vessels by Unknown Craftsmen?

Can quantitative differences be used to identify individual potters who make traditional, fixed-shape vessels that have been made in the same way for generations? Researchers discovered that there ...

War Songs and Lullabies Behind Origins of Music

Love is not the primary reason humans developed music. A new evolutionary theory of the origins of music argues more evidence supports music coming from the need for groups to impress allies and ...

Seabird Response to Abrupt Climate Change 5,000 Years Ago Transformed Falklands Ecosystems

A 14,000-year paleoecological reconstruction of the sub-Antarctic islands has found that seabird establishment occurred during a period of regional cooling 5,000 years ago. Their populations, in ...

Ancient Maya Built Sophisticated Water Filters

Ancient Maya in the once-bustling city of Tikal built sophisticated water filters using natural materials they imported from miles away, according to new research. A multidisciplinary team of ...

These Two Bird-Sized Dinosaurs Evolved the Ability to Glide, but Weren't Great at It

Despite having bat-like wings, two small dinosaurs, Yi and Ambopteryx, struggled to fly, only managing to glide clumsily between the trees where they lived, researchers report. Unable to compete with ...

Cognitive Elements of Language Have Existed for 40 Million Years

Humans are not the only beings that can identify rules in complex language-like constructions -- monkeys and great apes can do so, too, a new study has shown. Researcher used a series of experiments ...

Obesity and Disease Tied to Dramatic Dietary Changes

The 'mismatch hypothesis' argues that our bodies evolved to digest the foods that our ancestors ate, and that human bodies will struggle and largely fail to metabolize a radically new set ...

New Sediment Archive for Historical Climate Research

Geological investigations of low-temperature young deposits on the Styrian Erzberg provide paleoclimatology with new data on the Earth's history and its ...

Bronze Age Herders Were Less Mobile Than Previously Thought

Bronze Age pastoralists in what is now southern Russia apparently covered shorter distances than previously thought. It is believed that the Indo-European languages may have originated from this ...

New Evidence for Geologically Recent Earthquakes Near Portland, Oregon Metro Area

A paleoseismic trench dug across the Gales Creek fault, located about 35 kilometers (roughly 22 miles) west of Portland, Oregon, documents evidence for three surface-rupturing earthquakes that took ...

Depths of the Weddell Sea Are Warming Five Times Faster Than Elsewhere

Over the past three decades, the depths of the Antarctic Weddell Sea have warmed five times faster than the rest of the ocean at depths exceeding 2,000 ...

Scientists Find Medieval Plague Outbreaks Picked Up Speed Over 300 Years

Researchers who analyzed thousands of documents covering a 300-year span of plague outbreaks in London, England, have estimated that the disease spread four times faster in the 17th century than it ...

Oldest Securely Dated Evidence for a River Flowing Through the Thar Desert, Western India

Using luminescence dating of ancient river sediments, a new study presents evidence for river activity at Nal Quarry in the central Thar Desert starting from approx. 173 thousand years ago. These ...

Driver of the Largest Mass Extinction in the History of the Earth Identified

252 million years ago, at the transition from the Permian to the Triassic epoch, most of the life forms existing on Earth became extinct. Using latest analytical methods and detailed model ...

Prebiotic Chemistry: In the Beginning, There Was Sugar

Organic molecules formed the basis for the evolution of life. But how could inorganic precursors have given rise to them? Chemists now reports a reaction pathway in which minerals catalyze the ...

New Study Shows How Complex Metabolism May Have Self-Assembled from Simple Precursors

Life as we know uses energy to reproduce itself. Organisms build and break down larger molecules using a common set of reactive intermediate energy carrier molecules. These carrier molecules help ...

Deep Sea Coral Time Machines Reveal Ancient CO2 Burps

The fossilized remains of ancient deep-sea corals may act as time machines providing new insights into the effect the ocean has on rising CO2 ...

Arctic Ocean Sediments Reveal Permafrost Thawing During Past Climate Warming

Sea floor sediments of the Arctic Ocean can reveal how permafrost responds to climate warming. Researchers have found evidence of past permafrost thawing during climate warming events at the end of ...

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