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Biotechnology 211Ʊ
October 20, 2020

Top Headlines
 

Microbial Diversity Below Seafloor Is as Rich as on Earth's Surface

For the first time, researchers have mapped the biological diversity of marine sediment, one of Earth's largest global biomes. The research team discovered that microbial diversity in the dark, ...

CRISPR Meets Pac-Man: New DNA Cut-and-Paste Tool Enables Bigger Gene Edits

Gene editing for the development of new treatments, and for studying disease as well as normal function in humans and other organisms, may advance more quickly with a new tool for cutting larger ...

Prebiotic Chemistry: In the Beginning, There Was Sugar

Organic molecules formed the basis for the evolution of life. But how could inorganic precursors have given rise to them? Chemists now reports a reaction pathway in which minerals catalyze the ...
Researchers have identified a number of 'silent' mutations in the roughly 30,000 letters of the COVID-19 virus's genetic ...
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Earlier Headlines
 

Repairing the Photosynthetic Enzyme Rubisco

Researchers have elucidated how Rubisco activase works. As the name indicates, this enzyme is critical for repairing Rubisco once it has lost its ...

Machine Learning Uncovers Potential New TB Drugs

Using a machine-learning approach that incorporates uncertainty, researchers identified several promising compounds that target a protein required for the survival of the bacteria that cause ...

Novel Antiviral Strategy for Treatment of COVID-19

Researchers have discovered a novel antiviral strategy for treatment of COVID-19 using existing ...

Artificial Cyanobacterial Biofilm Can Sustain Green Ethylene Production for Over a Month

Ethylene is one of the most important and widely used organic chemicals. A research group has designed a thin-layer artificial biofilm with embedded cyanobacterial cell factories which were ...

Boost to Develop Microalgae Into Health Foods

A new discovery may provide the crucial link that helps accelerate development of microalgae into beneficial human health ...

An Alternative to Animal Experiments

Researchers have cultured so-called intestinal organoids from human intestinal tissue, which is a common byproduct when performing bowel surgery. These small 'miniature intestines' can be ...

Seeing Evolution Happening Before Your Eyes

Researchers have established an automated pipeline to create mutations in genomic enhancers that let them watch evolution unfold before their eyes. Their findings on fruit flies may also be relevant ...

Molecular Dance Keeps Your Heart Beating

New research demonstrates a molecular dance that keeps your heart beating. The findings could someday lead to improved diagnostics and medical treatments for serious and sometimes devastating ...

Bacterial Toxin With Healing Effect

A bacterial toxin promoting tissue healing has been discovered. The compound, found in Staphylococcus aureus, does not just damage cells, but also stimulates tissue ...

Mechanism That Restores Cell Function After Genome Damage

Researchers have found out how cells can recover their development and longevity after damage by UV. The discovery may enable new therapies against premature ...

Why Do Identical Cells Act Differently? Team Unravels Sources of Cellular 'Noise'

Researchers have taken an important step toward explaining why genetically identical cells can produce varying amounts of the same protein associated with the same gene. Researchers demonstrated that ...

Sea Star's Ability to Clone Itself May Empower This Mystery Globetrotter

The identity of wild cloning sea star larvae has been a mystery since they were first documented in the Caribbean. The most commonly collected cloning species was thought to belong to the ...

Stopping Lethal Lung Damage from the Flu With a Natural Human Protein

The raging lung inflammation that can contribute to death from the flu can be stopped in its tracks by a drug derived from a naturally occurring human protein, a new animal study ...

Scientists Engineer Bacteria-Killing Molecules from Wasp Venom

Scientists have engineered powerful new antimicrobial molecules from toxic proteins found in wasp venom. The team hopes to develop the molecules into new bacteria-killing drugs, an important ...

Mosquitoes' Taste for Blood Traced to Four Types of Neurons

The female mosquito has an amazing ability to detect blood using her syringe-like 'tongue.' Now scientists have identified the neurons that give her blood-seeking ...

Dueling Proteins Give Shape to Plants

In order to thrive, plants must integrate a variety of sometimes-subtle signals in their environment, from day length to nutrient presence. Biologists have unpacked how two competing proteins help ...

Planting Parasites: Unveiling Common Molecular Mechanisms of Parasitism and Grafting

Using the model Orobanchaceae parasitic plant Phtheirospermum japonicum, scientists have discerned the molecular mechanisms underlying plant parasitism and cross-species grafting, pinpointing one ...

Quality Control Mechanism Closes the Protein Production 'on-Ramps'

Recent work revealed a newfound quality control system in the protein production assembly line with possible implications for understanding neurogenerative ...

Moles: Intersexual and Genetically Doped

Female moles not only have ovarian, but also testicular tissue that produces male sex hormones - which lets them diverge from the categorization into two sexes. A team describes which genetic ...

HIV Up Close: Unprecedented View of Virus Reveals Essential Steps for Causing AIDS

Accomplishing a feat that had been a pipe dream for decades, scientists have recreated in a test tube the first steps of infection by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), the virus that causes AIDS ...

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